As India reports first case of monkeypox, Southeast Asia on alert: WHO : The Tribune India

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Tribune News Service

New Delhi, July 15

 The World Health Organization (WHO) on Friday said Southeast Asia was on alert for monkeypox with India reporting the first case from Kerala’s Kollam district. The level of risk for the region’s 11 countries including India as for the world was moderate, the global body said.

The first case of monkeypox in WHO South-East Asia Region is a 35-year old man who arrived in Kerala from the Middle East earlier this week.

“The region has been on alert for monkeypox. Countries have been taking measures to rapidly detect and take appropriate measures to prevent spread of monkeypox,” said Poonam Khetrapal Singh, regional director, WHO South-East Asia.

Over 6000 cases of monkeypox and three deaths have been reported from across 60 countries since the beginning of the year.

More cases can be expected as surveillance expands, the WHO noted.

The global body had convened a meeting of the Emergency Committee on June 23 to seek expert advice if the ongoing outbreak was a Public Health Emergency of International Concern. The committee had recommended intense response to curtail the spread of the ongoing outbreak, in view of low population immunity against pox virus infection and risk of further sustained transmission into the wider population.

The next meeting of the Emergency Committee has been convened on July 21 as the disease spreads, including to non-endemic nations.

The WHO has meanwhile been supporting member countries in the region assess the risk for monkeypox and strengthen capacities to prepare and respond to the evolving multi-country outbreak, she said.

“We have been sharing guidance for raising awareness; surveillance, case investigation and contact tracing; laboratory diagnostics and testing; clinical management and infection prevention and control; and community engagement,” the regional director said.

In view of the limited testing capacities in the region for monkeypox, WHO has coordinated with four laboratories to serve as referrals –  National Institute of Virology, India; Victorian Infectious Diseases Reference Laboratory, Australia;  National Institute of Health, Department of Medical Sciences, Thailand; and Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University, Thailand.

WHO is also supporting countries in the region to build testing capacities with technical assistance as well as procurement of required provisions that are high in demand and low in supplies globally.

Orienting clinicians in both public and private sectors to identify and report as well as appropriately treat cases of monkeypox, are among other the key priorities, Khetarpal noted.

She said monkeypox requires collective attention and coordinated action to stop its further spread.

“In addition to using public health measures and ensuring health tools are available to at-risk populations and shared fairly, it is important to work with communities to ensure that people who are most at risk, have the information and support they need to protect themselves and others,” the regional director said.

Monkeypox virus is transmitted from infected animals to humans via indirect or direct contact. Human-to-human transmission can occur through direct contact with infectious skin or lesions, including face-to-face, skin-to-skin, and respiratory droplets.

In the current outbreak countries and amongst the reported monkeypox cases, transmission appears to be occurring primarily through close physical contact, including sexual contact. Transmission can also occur from contaminated materials such as linens, bedding, electronics, clothing, that have infectious skin particles.

 



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